# Tips and Tricks for new users

As a new CENOS user, the information you need to know about simulations, their setup, troubleshoot and many other things are really overwhelming. Most of these things you will learn as you progress through tutorials and your personal projects, but some are not as straightforward.

In this article we will look at the most common mistakes for the first time users, which you should consider if you want to create a successful simulation.

NOTE: Even though these tips are useful to avoid unnecessary headaches about why the simulation isn't working, we advise to schedule a meeting/training with our engineers to talk about simulation setup in detail and to answer any questions or confusion you might have.

Because different mistakes are made at different parts of simulation setup, we will divide the tips into three categories:

• Geometry
• Mesh
• Physics

## Geometry​

Every simulation starts with a geometry. If you have not simplified the geometry, fixed CAD quality or made sure the positioning is correct, you will have a hard time getting the simulation to work.

Remove every small hole, fillet and other small details that are not relevant for the simulation to make meshing easier and reduce calculation time. Avoid building your geometry from smaller volumes, and always fuse them together before importing them to CENOS.

Resolve any overlappings and gaps, and make sure your geometry is continuous.

### Symmetry​

Use symmetry of your geometry and simulate only part of the full geometry to decrease calculation time. To simulate symmetry, use symmetry boundary conditions available in CENOS.

### Air box size​

Air box is used for EM field calculation, and air box size can directly affect simulation results.

Do not create the air box too small, otherwise the results could be incorrect. A good rule is to make the air domain around 3 times larger than the induction system in it in every direction.

### Terminal placement​

If you are building a 3D simulation, remember that inductor terminals must always be on the same plane as one of the air box sides.

### Rotation axis​

If you are using Motion to define rotation for fully axial-symmetric workpiece, the rotation axis must be Z axis.

If you are creating an axial-symmetric 2D geometry, remember that symmetry axis must be Y axis.

## Mesh​

Tips for meshing are useful for those who want to start with Advanced Editor, as the rest of simulation approaches create mesh automatically.

### Skin layers​

Always create proper resolution for the skin layers in the inductor and workpiece, without viscous layers in mesh the electromagnetic and thermal results of the simulation will be incorrect.

note

Don’t get confused when you see Viscous layers function to resolve the skin layer – this is simply an analogical tool from Fluid dynamics which is used for mesh layer creation in our mesh editor.

### Mesh size​

Pay close attention to the mesh size, especially for 3D simulations. If element count goes above 300 thousand elements, consider simplifying your simulation through geometry or symmetry, as simulations with a large mesh will take much longer to calculate.

## Physics​

### Amplitude current​

Those who are calculating with current as their power input should remember that the current defined in CENOS is Amplitude, not RMS current.

note

If you know the RMS value of the current flowing through your inductor, you should multiply it by square root of two before you enter it in CENOS.

$\sqrt {2I_{RMS}}=I_{Amplitude}$